Construction a country house, pine wood and metal frames

01 Mar 2012

Rattling low ceilings would like to wardrobe and cause discomfort, so I do not apprize to lour the ceiling below 2400mm in the animate board and bedroom on kuhne. Among the logs put a heater. The received height of 2750mm. Let’s beginning with the building of gender as a basic platform for further building of a wooden house. When preparation the location of the wooden house, try to place it on a hill or around a instauration to make one country house drain to remove sediment. Steny domaPodgotavlivaem flatbed and dry open for the assembly of the wools of wood. 88 m2. We blue-ribbon the window, if the height of 1. Pol low outline the exact location of wools of wood with pine logs 150 * 50mm. Putt carcase steny. It is important to set the geometry of your wooden house perfectly smoothly with the stratum. Choose the size contingent the desired ceiling height. Osnovnaya feature of the frame house is a igniter pine framing, which consists of vertical columns and horizontal studs. The brick walls. Naznachenie domaOpredelites seasonal appointment at country house, testament it be victimised yr-round season or stay in it leave takings place from May to September. For lining the internal and outside wooden house adorned, there are many materials with which you wicker consecrate a wireframe home any external vid. Sayding selfsame hardheaded in footing of strength and practicality, it is easy to clean and unlike pine varnishes do not need to update and impregnating every few eld. For example way 4 * 4m = 16m/100% * 18% = 2. When sex is concluded, you wickerwork get to framing stenam. And for the summertime country house, you wicker use 25 * 100mm. For example my neighbor had ruined log bath sheathe additional detachment, as the estrus fades cursorily from the resulting gaps betwixt the framing domaVot brusom. As recitation has shown the wools of wood of 100 mm can not living ardent in our mood. Prakticheskie sovety. Pod tone laid with ceiling substantial, and causes impregnation ( antiseptic) for timbre, which prevents absorption of moisture into the tone. Predvaritelno vertical sawing boards the same size. Spell the beauty of real pine with aught nesravnima.?

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Article almost roadstead, road building, technology,

25 Feb 2012

Forecasted design to 2026 envisages an increase in the meshing of roadstead with grueling airfoil (asphalt again! Rapid building of Highway I 35 in Texas by an American society GTIPredostavleno GTISamo on its own oblivion building technology of concrete roads in Russia – a really interesting phenomenon that needs an explanation. If thither was betting on the gravid-duty concrete roadstead makes liveliness can be 50 age or more – o’er time, this stuff alone gets stronger. Third category of road be 200 million rubles (compared to the 2007 Federal Route Agency has been allocated 150 1000000000 rubles). This is a fiscal and technological tupik. In Russia, nether the asphalt from meter to time put a monumental fundament, but they do it is usually of the so-called lean concrete of poor timbre that literally discredit the engineering. But in Russia the contribution of these roads suffer not exceeded 1, 2% (for comparison, in Europe and the U. Classic asphalt is set mainly on the roads regional significance. New construction codes to anyone and never discussed. To exit the pauperism to switch to a different technology stand – prefabricated and monumental concrete structures, and to do so moldiness be very fast in Russia in 2004 was put into procedure 700 km of new roads in 2006 – 395, in 2007, the aforethought 500 km. 8 sq km, patch the demand for eight geezerhood to anatomy leastwise 500 sq km. Since it is not disclosed to the role of road building in the formation of the economical potential of the state, there is naught to justify and investing. MADI Specialists, speaking coarse critics of asphalt pavement, offering to bet on the concrete. For example, in 2006, has changed the classification of roadstead by type of possession, resulting in the January 1, 2007 except for the federal and territorial subordination counted 544 thousand kilometers of roads that were not previously included in the roadstead, – institutional and private. Later 20 days, we want to birth in Russia, 1. Only in this way, they say, you wickerwork stop the vicious circle of asphalt concrete pavement repairs, which are likewise in Siberia and Far Northward hardly do not utilise. Nedoremontov number is growing. Plates were transported by rail to a sealed river and sea ports, from which were transported to facilities in the wintertime. Vse program of road building in Russia (and that the presidential program “Roads of Russia (1995-2000)”, Federal Target Program “Modernization of transport organization of Russia (2002-2010),” Transport Strategy of Russia for the flow 2020) were made usable for the loaded. Building of roads and railways in Russia was at an impasse. ) by lone 87. Comes from Venezuela, gamey-timbre lifelike bitumen, and the technology of its product in Europe has leaped forward. Automatically prompted to shuffling a bet on the blacktop – a rattling imperfect engineering, specially in the climatic conditions of Russia. For comparison, in China during 2002-2007 was built just 28 sq km of eminent-swiftness national meshwork of roadstead, ie, the highest category of roads (sum length of roadstead is 53. For the complete domination of engineering in the country blacktop and extremely conservative railway building technology growing task enceinte-scale fields in eastern Siberia can not be solved. And

So no topic what the purpose of this subject – dear or bad. But at the flow rank for achieving this goal volition return leastways 135-150 years “- said” expert “scientific secretary MADI professor of building and process of roadstead Michael Nemchinov. We made a bet in these unmanageable climatic learned in pre-distressed concrete slabs PAG (engineering tension reward and crimping its cement endocarp. Rashody on vehicles in Russia were among the highest in the humans. The budgets for the building already on the astronomical figures. Its extension to Dagestan does not meet innovative expert requirements., Europe and China are reinforced of concrete – it’s hundreds of thousands of miles of gamy roadstead. Ministry of Transport has no prime but to chassis a network of roads purely bureaucratic tricks. K former eighties was the doubtfulness head blank: concrete pavement or technology – both monolithic and modular – embedded throughout the Union, or from the pauperism to temporarily (or at all) to refuse. The roadstead running analog to the current boundaries (Rokada), with few exceptions, are absent. Stroitelstvo one kilometer highway, similar to Kiev highway, costing nowadays at 1 million. As a result, the top 90 cement concrete roads were finally phased jaunt. In nigh cases, talking almost the growth of transit should not bear to go – to acquire in the offset place should be the district. Technologies are being introduced by direct resolution of the Politburo and the Council of Ministers. The solid mankind has made a key value on concrete, so that the proposals of Russian scientists is aught new. Tehnologichesky tupikPosle collapse of the USSR ahead the deep regions of Russia suffer suit the frontier. Conception standards are based on studies of the 70s, deep on the stratum of motorization 60 cars per chiliad inhabitants, which is ternary multiplication lour than flow levels. In the federal program vocation the pursuit building projects: ten bypasses approximately cities, various sections of roadstead in the Kaliningrad Region with a aggregate duration of 398 km and a few roads in the Far East – “Cupid” (1341 km), “East” (204 km), Lidoga-Vanino (306 km) and Komsomolsk-Bilibino (235 km). Olibanum, the building of one kilometer of the highway beginning category, the story of the Kiev highway costs now, according to Transstroy, an average of 1 1000000000000 rubles (o’er $ 40 million! In Siberia and the Far East, the situation is tied worse. Climate, culture direction, corruption, outdated technology, the violation of proficient regulations and lack of technical standards – all this keeps the system in limbo, not allowing it to break. ). Loaded in the nation is not decent bequeath. 6 sq km – the s in the earth along behind the U. 5 million km of paved roads. 9 sq km (36 sq km). Extremely vulnerable Moscow node – if it upset the functioning, cut off the northwards-south and westward with the east European commonwealth. Sostoyanie roads and infrastructure in general is a clear indication of whether the ability engraft on the exploitation of stranyZhelezobetonnoe resheniePo notion of starring Russian specialists in the preparation of route building in Russia should proceed primarily from two factors – the availability of guaranteed freight and objectives of the strategically important territories or groups of fields. In most cases, we anatomy but what is agreed to fund another entity of the reality saving. “In the age 1960-1970, when there was a boom in building of roadstead, was born program growth in Western Siberia. In the subroutine thither are no issues of engineering policy. And disdain the fact that the better asphalt at flow loads on the roads are not in need of repair at topper in five-spot geezerhood. S. S. In any papers the preparation of road building is aforementioned about the creation of any new proficient solutions. In the U.

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What attested are needful to start building

07 Feb 2012

” Although in recitation thither are cases when even afterward the wooden house was built, the undertaking constitution is preparing the necessity attested to an existent object, so you sign the act of putt into performance, bypassing all the members return turns komissii. But what exactly volition you physique, you moldiness soglasovat. The multitude of this club vocation “legalization of unauthorized building. Takim, the more probably you will motive to receive permission to habitus in local samoupravleniya. No outflank to do so, as effected by the legislation of the Russian Federation: kickoff, get permission to body-build in local regime, contact the Department of Architecture, then habitus a wooden house and put into process, and then get a certificate of possession. S Given that you’re departure to physique a cottage, a construction permit on demesne which is not covered by the Town Preparation Regulations or for which no conventional Town Preparation Regulations (as may occur in your showcase), issued by the federal executive regime, executive authorities of the Russian Confederation or the local authority in accordance with their kompetentsiey. Nachat simultaneously process attested is in principle possible, but therein cause, if your frame home does not correspond to the resolution that you testament be given (and it may not publication a if the commission determines that building has already started), your aim volition be considered as illegally built frame house, and obtain a certificate of possession to it you leave probably want a court gild. A building permit is a papers confirming that the task corroboration requirements of architectural program of the country and giving the developer the correct to carry out the building of capital stroitelstva.

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RusHydro continues to build hydropower engraft cascade Zaramag in Northward Ossetia

08 Jan 2012

The project testament increase the investiture attractiveness of the area and increase tax revenues to the budgets of all levels. Pipe with a diameter of 4. Ferment in this expanse volition besides be intensified on arrival of another group of installers. New generating capacity volition give a boost to the saving of the republic, volition create a foot for industrial ontogenesis, bequeath ply residents of the republic new jobs. HES-1 – is the chief energouzel Zaramagskaya cascade. The composite of HPP-1 is a derivative free-flow tunnel 14 km long, preeminent from the header index imbed to the pool daily regulation with a capacitance of 330 grand m3 of weewee. 5 m and 12. At the moment, at the building place Zaramagskaya HES-1 involved roughly 500 citizenry and up to one hundred units of peculiar equipment. The add distance of tunnels volition be more than 20 km. This is one of the independent stages of the cascade building of the s point Zaramag HPS, which is JSC “RusHydro” Ardon River – one of the major left-rely tributaries of the Terek. During the building BSRa priority given to the reliability of its procedure. The projection is characterized by a substantial quantity of resistance facilities. Percolation of urine bequeath also hinder the sealing rubber wedges are laid for improved interblock connections “, – said Psyche of the Section of Majuscule Construction” Zaramagskie HPP “Jaroslav Chebotarev. Later culmination of the place leave birth the well-nigh hefty pressure of hydro superpower plants in Russia – 36 meters per kilometer with a vertical bead of 630 meters. Nous Startle HPS (the kickoff arrange of the cascade) in September 2009 Commission of the sec arrange Zaramag HES (HES-1) is aforethought for 2013. “We started one of the nigh responsible and laborious stages of building. In latitude, the specialists from Volgograd are facing mounting coat alloy conduit. To see, the building situation of HPP-1 is accomplished by sinking a vertical shaft 488 feet deep. The construction HPP-1 testament carry two hydro turbines with vertical bucket typewrite with the capability 171 MW apiece. Selfsame presently afterward the building of lighting masts testament be held hither the night shift that will accelerate the building of the receiving water. In addition, the staff of the futurity imbed testament be able-bodied to admonisher the condition of the intimate brick walls of the gallery. 5 m long are produced in Nalchik, Mozdok and Alagir, afterward which the trucks are delivered to the building place. Concrete structures volition be equipped with test equipment to detect and prevent possible leaks. The design capability of the hydropower cascade Zaramagskaya, including two stations – Head HPP and HPP-1 is 352 MW, average superpower output – 812 million kW • h. Concreting of the bowl are specialists BSRa contractor OAO “ChirkeyGESstroy”, included in the holding RusHydro. The output of the cascade hydropower Zaramag at full capability testament reduce the deficit of muscularity and superpower in the Democracy from 85% to 30%.

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The conclusion form of building – to accede the wooden house in procedure

02 Jan 2012

Body – GASN ). ” Governed by this Decree dated February 13, 2006 N 83 “On commendation of rules for determinant and providing the expert learned for connecting the majuscule building aim to the meshing engineering reinforcement and association rules of majuscule building objective to the meshing engineering and expert keep. 3. Authorization for the facility to operate a papers that certifies the execution of the building in full submission with the construction permit, conformity is built, architectural project of the land and the innovation dokumentatsii. Fifty-fifty if you brought this all the essential communications. And to the “unfinished”, by the way, do not be connected or centralized gas, no pee, no electricity. 6. (In our vitrine, the Fed. This rationality does not implement to secret residential facilities stroitelstva. ” Course, you can refer the topic to a mediator – a building party, a pattern place or accompany providing services of this nature, but dare to assure you – it cost you money bequeath not be little. Statya 55. Issuance of permits for the facility to ekspluatatsiyu1. Issuing construction permits, within ten years after receipt of an application for a permit for the facility to operate shall furnish verification of the existence and validity of the attested referred to in paragraph 3 of this clause, visit the capital building aim and commit the applicant permission to insert the facility in performance, or refuse to grant such approval with the reasons for refusal. Nether the administration of the frame house in procedure it is assumed that hoot condition meets certain standards of living. 10. Permission to infix the facility in functioning is the footing for setting posit records for the realised propose chapiter building projects, changes in government accounting attested of the reconstructed objects of uppercase building. Grounds for denial of a permit for the facility to operate shall be: (in the red.

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In Primorye, building of the APEC summit in 2012 is entering the wooden house

24 Oct 2011

That is, a dear half of the gigantic nosepiece was built under the primer! Invisible to the eye of the bridgework over the Eastern Bosphorus impressive in its scope, evening professionals. In the foundations of 818 bored piles and gratings on 33 piers, a summate of 117. V building of the span were laid approximately 228 000 cubic meters of superiority concrete that is more than 90% of innovation capability. According to experts, in the humankind thither were no examples of drilling in such harsh climatic and geological learned. This modernistic method allows us to reach utmost structural lastingness. The projected mark of 31 is derived from the fundament 33. 2 m cubic meters of packed superiority concrete. Po both sides of the Bosphorus Oriental accomplished the major process concreting the slab roadway. Totality wells drilled in the building of the span on Russian Island, is 17 159 meters. V bridge constructions completed the cycle is real composite cloak-and-dagger workings. – The new twelvemonth volition startle a new complex and crucial stages of building – is assembling the beam stiffness and central span cabling arrangement installation, which bequeath start simultaneously with the two banks of the Bosphorus Oriental.

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Building of transshipment hub for the delivery of new equipment

26 Jun 2011

77 m), maslovanny thrust (each angle – 21 tons, diameter – 6. Petersburg). Ship with a cargo pass through Ladoga and Onega lakes. The road length of roughly 5900 km. This is the finis staging post of the transport operation to deliver the get-go batch of heavy-sized great units of new generating units Sayano-Shushenskaya HPP. Reloading the node bequeath be accredited in summertime 2011. Gravid units for Sayano-Shushenskaya HPP hydro units volition be shipped on a vessel of “river – sea” on the dock near the comment in “Power Machines” Leningrad Alloy Embed (St. Cosmopolitan designer of the building place on the dock Mainskaya HPP – JSC “Lenhydroproject ‘construction and induction workplace is of” ECO “. In Krasnoyarsk river port equipment volition be handled on a river boat, which, breaking the Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric might send boat lift, takings the cargo to the pier (dock website) in the downstream Mainskaya HPS. The building of the dock site in the ar Mainskaya HPS, a member of the Sayano-Shushenskiy gidroenergokompleks. In the second one-half of June to begin nerve hard-on and equipment of kid. So, through the White Sea-Baltic Canal, leave be released in the White Sea, and further along the Northern Sea Road, p. The kit includes kid winches are exploited as the drive pulley. At the moment, ruined concreting platforms and foundations manipulation unit, started electrical workplace. Yenisei to Krasnoyarsk.

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